25 April 2013

Lagu Keroncong : Erkata Bedil (1970)

Lagu Erkata Bedil ini terdapat dalam album "Songs from Tapanuli in the Krontjong Beat." Ini adalah kesalahan besar, sebenarnya lagu ini bukan berasal dari daerah Tapanuli tetapi berasal dari Tanah Karo yang berada di propinsi yang sama yaitu Sumatera Utara.

Lagu Erkata Bedil adalah ciptaan komponis Djaga Depari dan dalam album ini, lagu Erkata Bedil dinyanyikan dalam irama Keroncong yang diaransmen ulang oleh R. Pirngadie. Dinyanyikan oleh M. Rivany bersama Orkes Keroncong "Tetap Segar." Direkam di tahun 1970 oleh Evergreen Monaural Records.




Dalam album ini juga terdapat lagu Karo berjudul "Turang." Lagu Turang sebelumnya pernah menjadi pengisi musik dalam filem yang berjudul sama yaitu filem "Turang." Lengkapnya dapat dinikmati di link berikut : Lagu Turang (1970).

Lagu : Turang (1970)

Lagu Turang ciptaan Husin Ngalimun menjadi pengisi musik dalam filem "Turang” di tahun 1957. Saat itu lagu ini dinyanyikan oleh Tuti Daulai. Film “Turang” ini mengisahkan perjuangan orang-orang dari suku Karo pada waktu Revolusi Agustus '45 di Sumatra Timur, pemutaran pertamanya dilangsungkan di Istana Merdeka dan disaksikan oleh Presiden Sukarno. Sayang sekali filem ini hilang bersama jatuhnya Soekarno.

Di tahun 1970 lagu "Turang" dinyanyikan oleh Rita Zahara bersama Orkes Kroncong Tetap Segar. Diaransemen ulang oleh R. Pirngadie. Direkam di Evergreen Monaural Records

Lagu Turang ini ini terdapat dalam album "Songs from Tapanuli in the Krontjong Beat." Ini adalah kesalahan besar, sebenarnya lagu ini bukan berasal dari daerah Tapanuli tetapi berasal dari Tanah Karo yang berada di propinsi yang sama yaitu Sumatera Utara.

Rita Zahara
Lahir : Singapura, 5 Desember 1942
Wafat : Jakarta, 8 Maret 2007
Sumber foto : Tabloidnova.com
Sedikit tentang filem TURANG (1957) :



Sinopsis :



Filem berjudul "Turang" terpilih sebagai Filem Terbaik FFI (Festival Filem Indonesia) tahun 1960. Bercerita tentang perjuangan Rusli dalam melawan penjajah di Sumatera. Ketika terluka, ia dirawat oleh Tipi. Tumbuhlah rasa cinta diantara mereka tetapi keadaan tidak memungkinkan untuk mereka bersama karena Belanda terus menyerang dan pasukan harus terus berpindah-pindah.


Kisah perjuangan gerilya melawan Belanda di Tanah Karo (Sumatera Utara), khususnya di Seberaja, kampung yang pernah jadi pusat komando. Wakil komandan Rusli (Omar Bach) yang terluka diserahkan perawatannya kepada Tipi (Nizmah), adik anggota gerilyawan Tuah (Tuahta Perangin-angin). Tumbuhlah cinta antara Rusli dan Tipi, namun keadaan tidak memungkinkan mereka terus bersama. Serangan Belanda, atas petunjuk mata-mata Dendam (Hadisjam Tahax), memaksa pasukan terus berpindah-pindah, bergerilya. Selanjutnya bisa dibaca pada tulisan sebelumnya : Lenyapnya Film Turang (1957) dan Piso Surit (1960).



16 April 2013

Perempuan Karo dalam Kemerdekaan



Dari tahun 1982 hingga 1985, Prof. Dr. Mary Steedly, guru besar Antropologi di Universitas Harvard (USA), melakukan penelitian mengenai Karo di Medan, Deliserdang dan Kabupaten Karo yang kemudian menghasilkan buku berjudul Haging Without A Rope: Narrative Experience in Colonial and Post Colonial Karoland (1993). Kini, Steedly menerbitan sebuah buku baru berjudul Rifle Reports: A Story of Indonesian Independence. Buku ini berisikan sejarah etnografis mengenai perjuangan kemerdekaan RI (1945-50) di Dataran Tinggi Karo.

Laporan Rifle merajut kenangan pribadi dan keluarga, lagu dan cerita, memoar dan sejarah lokal, foto, dan monumen, bagaimana perempuan dan laki-laki Karo berkontribusi pada pendirian bangsa Indonesia. Perjuangan nun jauh dari ibukota negeri ini.

The routes they followed are divergent, difficult, sometimes wavering, and rarely obvious, but they are clearly marked with the signs of gender. This innovative historical study of nationalism and decolonization is an anthropological exploration of the gendering of wartime experience, as well as an inquiry into the work of storytelling as memory practice and ethnographic genre.

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On August 17, 1945, Indonesia proclaimed its independence from Dutch colonial rule. Five years later, the Republic of Indonesia was recognized as a unified, sovereign state. The period in between was a time of aspiration, mobilization, and violence, in which nationalists fought to expel the Dutch while also trying to come to grips with the meaning of "independence." Rifle Reports is an ethnographic history of this extraordinary time as it was experienced on the outskirts of the nation among Karo Batak villagers in the rural highlands of North Sumatra. Based on extensive interviews and conversations with Karo veterans, Rifle Reports interweaves personal and family memories, songs and stories, memoirs and local histories, photographs and monuments, to trace the variously tangled and perhaps incompletely understood ways that Karo women and men contributed to the founding of the Indonesian nation. The routes they followed are divergent, difficult, sometimes wavering, and rarely obvious, but they are clearly marked with the signs of gender. This innovative historical study of nationalism and decolonization is an anthropological exploration of the gendering of wartime experience, as well as an inquiry into the work of storytelling as memory practice and ethnographic genre.

Editorial Reviews
From the Inside Flap
"Steedly's project is not just to read history against the grain, but to significantly interrupt the national history of Indonesia, with fragments of remembered pasts from what she calls the outskirts of the nation. Her narrative opens to the complexity of the past and brings us to a place where the granularity of detail is left to generate multiple puzzlements. Rifle Reports reflects upon material experiences of the past refracted across remembered stories in a precise and telling manner that reveals the authorized history of the nation to be just one of those stories."--Nancy Florida, University of Michigan

About the Author
Mary Steedly is Professor of Anthropology at Harvard University and the author of Hanging without a Rope: Narrative Experience in Colonial and Postcolonial Karoland.

Product Details
Paperback: 414 pages
Publisher: University of California Press (May 10, 2013)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0520274873
ISBN-13: 978-0520274877
Product Dimensions: 9 x 6 x 1 inches

Source : Amazon.com

Music to call the spirits

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Music to call the spirits (2:26)

Ensemble: Group of musicians
Genre: Instrumental
Instrument: Sarunai
Label: Topic Records
  
Organization: Topic Records
Performer: Group of musicians
Place: Indonesia
Producer: Jenkins, Jean & Oslen, Poul Rovsing
Recording Date: 1973
Recording Location: near Brastagi, Sumatra, Indonesia


Source : Music online

Gula Tualah

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Gula Tualah, in Music of Indonesia, Vol. 4: Music of Nias and North Sumatra: Hoho, Gendang Karo, Gondang Toba

Catalog Number: SFW40420
Credit Note: Gendang Lima Sedalanen
Cultural Group: Karo
Description: The Toba and Karo from North Sumatra developed complex instrumental traditions. The Toba, one of the few societies to use tuned drums to carry a melody, combine them with gongs and oboe-like instruments, creating dynamic melodies and rhythms. The Karo ensemble features expert drumming full of snaps and pops. The Ono Niha people from the island of Nias perform ornate choral songs called hoho, which use only four tones and embody their oral tradition. Unknown outside of Indonesia, these 1990 digital recordings include extensive notes. 72 minutes. "Its variety—in sound, feel, and purpose—is astonishing and inspiring." — Rhythm Music
Instrument: Sarunai; Gung & Penganak
Label: Smithsonian Folkways Recordings
Organization: Smithsonian Folkways Recordings & Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, Smithsonian Institution
Original Language: Karo
Place: Indonesia
Producer: Yampolsky, Philip
Recording Location: Outdoors, Propinsi Sumatera Utara
Release Date: 1992
Source Archive: Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, Smithsonian Institution


Source : Music online

Perang-perang/ Simalungun Rayat/ Odak-odak/ Patam-patam

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Traditional music for adat feasts: perang-perang/ Simalungun Rayat/ Odak-odak/ Patam-patam

Musique traditionelle pour les fêtes adat: Perang-perang/ Simalungun Rayat/ Odak-odak/ Patam-patam (Traditional music for adat feasts: perang-perang/ Simalungun Rayat/ Odak-odak/ Patam-patam) (12:15), in Sumatra: Musiques des Batak

Engineer: Beaudemont, Joël
Ensemble: Gendang Lima Sedalanen
Genre: Suite & Ritual Dance
Instrument: Sarunai; Gong & Percussion, various
Label: INEDIT (Maison des Cultures du Monde)
Organization: INEDIT (Maison des Cultures du Monde)
Performer: Gendang Lima Sedalanen
Place: Sumatra, Indonesia
Producer: Gründ, Françoise
Recording Date: 6 Jun 1993
Recording Location: Rond-Point/Theatre Renaud-Barrault, Paris, France
Release Date: 1995


Source : Music online

Begu deleng/ Odak-odak/ Pertang-tang sabe/ Peseluken

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Music from the ancient religious ceremonies with a guru sibaso: Begu deleng/ Odak-odak/ Pertang-tang sabe/ Peseluk

Musique des anciennes cérémonies religieuses avec une guru sibaso: Begu deleng/ Odak-odak/ Pertang-tang sabe/ Peseluken (Music from the ancient religious ceremonies with a guru sibaso: Begu deleng/ Odak-odak/ Pertang-tang sabe/ Peseluken) (6:58), in Sumatra: Musiques des Batak

Engineer: Beaudemont, Joël
Ensemble: Gendang Lima Sedalanen
Genre: Ritual Dance & Sacred
Instrument: Sarunai; Gong & Percussion, various
Label: INEDIT (Maison des Cultures du Monde)
Organization: INEDIT (Maison des Cultures du Monde)
Performer: Gendang Lima Sedalanen
Place: Sumatra, Indonesia
Producer: Gründ, Françoise
Recording Date: 6 Jun 1993
Recording Location: Rond-Point/Theatre Renaud-Barrault, Paris, France
Release Date: 1995




Source : Music online

Peta Tanah Karo dalam Laporan 1909

Sumatera Utara : Laporan atas nama Yayasan Humboldt dari Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences di Berlin, dieksekusi pada tahun 1904-1906 ekspedisi, Nomor 1, 1 Januari 1909.

Nord-Sumatra : Bericht über eine im Auftrage der Humboldt-Stiftung der königlich preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin in den Jahren 1904-1906 ausgeführte Forschungsreise, Number 1, 1 January 1909 — Inliegend: Kartenbeilage 1—3 zu Volz, Nord-Sumatra Band I. Die Bataklander.


 


 
 

01 April 2013

Kerbau dari Karo (1915)


Dari buku Tahunan Departemen pertanian, industri dan perdagangan di Hindia Belanda, Nomor 1, 1 Januari 1915 - Ternak.

Ternak.
Karena situasi perang selama 1915 tidak melanjutkan impor sapi dari Bengaalsch British India, seperti tahun-tahun sebelumnya.

Maka dibuat untuk menjalankan perekonomian, yang dinilai perlu, diinginkan, penyediaan pembibitan stok yang diperlukan untuk batas tinggi.

 
 

Sumber : RoyalTropical Institute